Global freight transport doubled in terms of volume during the last decade and will continue to grow rapidly for many years to come. This leads to congestion on
the road and rail networks, delays at sea- and airports and accelerated pressures on transport infrastructures. This not only increases the cost of transporting goods and services, but also affects economies as a whole. At the same time, environmental impacts associated with transport, such as noise, air pollutions and greenhouse gas emissions, are gaining public attention. Sustainable logistics can help mitigating these effects with a number of policy and operational measures that improve the efficiency of goods distribution, reduce energy consumption and emissions of freight vehicles and contribute to the overall efficiency of supply chains. This is not only relevant for businesses and logistics companies, but also for public authorities and society in general.
This publication serves as an introduction to Sustainable Logistics. It outlines the diversity of current approaches on Sustainable Logistics, illustrates practical measures through numerous examples and shows how logistics companies and public authorities can utilise the potential of Sustainable Logistics