Over the past two decades, two-and-three-wheeler fleets have expanded at an annual average rate above 7%. It is expected that the current stock will double every five years. The question, if two-and-three-wheelers are a blessing or curse to urban mobility is often debated by the policy makers in growing cities, but they have struggled to exactly understand the proper role of motorised two-and-three-wheelers in urban spaces. This has led to a crisis of policy, of regulation and of implementation.

First edition: 2019