• 4 March 2020
  • Covid-19

  • by

“Avoid-Measures” to Combat Epidemics in Transport

By Armin Wagner et al.

To combat an epidemic, it is essential to avoid or reduce travel or the need to travel in general (in particular of non-essential traffic and prioritize only system relevant employees & goods).

These measures can include:


– Active differentiation between essential and non-essential transport

– Travel bans

– Entry bans to countries

– Curfews/lockdowns

– Reduction of shopping, recreation, school services, etc.


Other Policies

– Teleworking/Flexible work schedule

– Expansion of E-government services

– Virtual meetings and conferences

– Local 3D-printing

– Develop emergency action plans for future use

– Allow certain services to become freight providers or combined offers (such as buses)

Planning/Engineering Instruments

– Expansion of (temporary) bike routes

– Priority schemes for quality public transport

– Dedicated services for essential travelers

– Prioritise delivery of most essential and important goods

– Reflect needs of women and children to support their activities & journeys

– Enhance epidemiological safety of private car use

– Reallocate street space for freight, e.g. convert parking to dedicated delivery/pick up zones

Quality of public transport/taxis

– Sanitation / Cleaning

– Provision of additional space/reduction of crowding

– Free bike sharing schemes

– Demand management at PT stations/entrances to reduce crowding

– Reduced contact points through digital ticketing & payment procedures

Social/physical distancing measures

– Speed reductions to reduce injury rates

– Encourage bicycle taxis/bicitaxis

– Medical support in intermodal stations